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美議員擬提案 強化台灣關係法


〔駐美特派員曹郁芬/華府十六日報導〕多位眾議員今天重申台灣關係法應繼續做為美台關係的基石,並呼籲歐巴馬政府盡速對台出售F16C/D戰機等防禦武器。眾院外交關係委員會主席羅絲蕾婷娜指出,因為中國崛起而忽略台灣是錯誤的想法,她將提出一項決議案強化台灣關係法。

美國會聽證會 聚焦台灣問題

眾院國際關係委員會今天以「台灣為何重要」為題舉行聽證會,這也是七年來國會首次以台灣為焦點的聽證會。羅絲蕾婷娜表示,美國做為亞太強權的決心不會變,台灣關係法與六項保證仍有效指導美台關係,台灣人民有權利不在中國威嚇下自己選擇領導人,她擔心目前兩岸的經貿交流會成為木馬屠城記,變成中國政治統一台灣的手段。她促請美國政府邀請台灣總統出席今年在夏威夷舉行的亞太經合會領袖會議。

民主黨資深議員柏曼則表示,肯定馬英九總統的兩岸和解政策,當馬英九兩年前提出「不統、不獨、不武」時,中國可以放棄對台動武回應,結果相反地,中國卻增加飛彈部署,對北京難有期待。柏頓眾議員則要求委員會將今天所有證詞送交白宮及國務院,讓歐巴馬總統及希拉蕊閱讀,他對行政官員今天未出席作證深表不滿。

應邀作證的有邁阿密大學教授金德芳、前亞太副助卿薛瑞福、喬治城大學教授唐耐心、美台商會會長韓儒伯。

薛瑞福表示,美國往往以美中交往的時程做為美國對台軍售或美台重要議題推動的依據,這不是台灣關係法當初設計的宗旨,美國對台軍售應單單依據台灣的防禦需求考慮。他並表示,近來有人主張因中國崛起或兩岸和解,美國應減少對台軍售或放棄台灣,但這是虛幻的想法,美中關係不會因為台灣消失而不再有問題,美台軍售事實上有助兩岸關係的和解。

唐耐心說,她不認為美國會放棄台灣,因為台灣的民主是美國協助建立的。她呼籲美國政府讓F16A/B升級及對台出售F16C/D,並恢復美台閣員級官員的訪問,給予台灣免簽證待遇。她也敦促國會更積極地監督台灣事務,幫助美國民眾了解台灣為何重要。

再籲歐巴馬 速售台F16C/D

韓儒伯認為,美台關係目前因為缺乏美國領導和企圖心而受害,歐巴馬政府毫無理由拖延F16A/B升級,也不接受台灣F16C/D的採購意向書。韓儒伯、薛瑞福與金德芳也主張,美國應該出售潛艦給台灣。

阿拉斯加州聯邦參議員穆考斯基十三日也致函歐巴馬,表示她願加入四十五位參院同僚,敦促歐巴馬政府迅速通知國會出售六十六架F16C/D型戰機給台灣,以助台灣空軍現代化。四十五位共和黨、民主黨參議員五月底曾聯名致函歐巴馬,敦促他接受台灣F16C/D型戰機的採購意向書。

 


Ros-Lehtinen Opening Statement at Hearing on Taiwan

“This hearing is especially timely and necessary because it has come to my attention that there is a new spirit of appeasement in the air”


WASHINGTON – U.S. Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL), Chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, held a Committee hearing earlier today examining the U.S. relationship with Taiwan. In her opening statement, Ros-Lehtinen expressed her strong commitment to Taiwan’s security and her support for the immediate sale of new F-16 fighters to Taiwan, and announced that she will be introducing legislation to strengthen the Taiwan Relations Act. Ros-Lehtinen also expressed her strong disagreement with suggestions that the U.S. should cut ties to Taiwan and seek closer relations with China.

Full text of Ros-Lehtinen’s statement follows, or you may click below to view the video. For more information on the hearing, including a webcast and witness testimony, please click here.


Statement by Ros-Lehtinen:

“Today’s hearing is titled, ‘Why Taiwan Matters.’ The answer simply is that Taiwan matters because people matter. I do not mean ‘people’ as in ‘People’s Republic of China.’ I refer to ‘people’ as in ‘We, the People.’

“Taiwan has taken the ‘We, the People’ principles of democracy, human rights, freedom of religion, and a free market economy, and transplanted them firmly into East Asian soil. Taiwan has belied those critics who asserted that a Confucian-based, hierarchical society is ill-suited for the tenets of Jeffersonian democracy. Taiwan offers the audacity of hope to those survivors of the Tiananmen Square massacre.

“Taiwan inspires all victims of Beijing’s totalitarian oppression that they need not be faint of heart. It is for this very reason, this shining example of liberty, that the cynical old men who still rule in Beijing are so fearful of Taiwan. It is for this very reason that they strive to eliminate this beacon of democracy. And it is for this very reason that Congress, through the Taiwan Relations Act, must strive to help preserve a Taiwan that reflects the aspirations of its people.

“This hearing is especially timely and necessary because it has come to my attention that there is a new spirit of appeasement in the air. Some in Washington policy circles are suggesting that the time has come to recognize the reality of a rising China, and to cut our ties to Taiwan. This would be a terrible mistake which would have far-reaching ramifications about how the U.S. treats its democratic allies; its friends.

“Turning to Taiwan’s round of free elections early next year, it should be perfectly clear: the people of Taiwan must be able to choose their leaders and influence their future, free from outside bullying or coercion. I have heard that some communist cronies in Beijing even recently urged the people of Taiwan to ‘choose the right person’ in the upcoming elections – or else. These naysayers would seem to be subscribing to Chairman Mao’s old dictum that ‘political power grows out of the barrel of a gun.’ To the communist leaders in Beijing I say this: the ballot box is mightier than the gun’s barrel.

“And I have news for the naysayers on Taiwan policy as well: the United States is a Pacific power and plans to remain so for this century and beyond. The commitments made in the Taiwan Relations Act have remained unchanged for over thirty years and still hold true today. The pledges in the Six Assurances given by President Ronald Reagan to Taiwan, including the one ‘not to set a date for termination of arms sales to Taiwan’ remain as firm today as they were back in 1982.

“With over sixteen hundred missiles pointed directly across the Taiwan Strait, Taiwan needs the means to defend itself from threats and intimidation. Taiwan needs the next generation of F-16 fighters now in order to protect its skies. With CIA Director (and incoming Defense Secretary) Leon Panetta recently telling our Senate colleagues that China is preparing for ‘potential contingencies’ that may involve Taiwan, there is the clear and present danger of sending Beijing the wrong signal. To avoid any misinterpretation about Congressional commitment to Taiwan’s security and its survival, I will soon introduce legislation to enhance the Taiwan Relations Act.

“I would like to add a final word of caution for our friends, regarding Taiwan. The American Chamber of Commerce in Taipei, in its annual white paper, cautioned Taiwan against an overreliance on trade with China, and urged a diversification of Taiwan’s overseas markets. I too cautioned last year, and repeat here today, that Beijing’s pursuit of ever-deepening trade ties with Taiwan could prove to be a Trojan horse. Beijing’s game plan seems to be that economic integration will lead inevitably to political integration. The people of Taiwan must be vigilant in remembering that all that glitters is not gold.

“The challenges in the 32 years since the enactment of the Taiwan Relations Act have been many, and they remain so today. But we in Washington and in Taipei give due diligence to the challenges at hand. We can look forward to the continuation of the vibrant democracy and free market economy enjoyed by the people of Taiwan.

“Before recognizing the Ranking Member for his opening remarks, I would like to note the presence in our audience today of former Congressman Lester Wolff of New York. He was Chairman of this Committee’s Asia and the Pacific Subcommittee during the crucial period of the late 1970s. Congressman Wolff played a leadership role in the framing and legislative enactment of the Taiwan Relations Act. I would also like to note the presence of the Formosa Foundation Student Ambassadors, with whom I will meet later today.

“And now I turn to Ranking Member Berman for his opening remarks.”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DH7DR2w0q5M&feature=player_embedded
Chairman Ros-Lehtinen Opening Statement at Hearing, "Why Taiwan Matters"

 

【延申閱讀】

Congresswoman Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL):WHY TAIWAN MATTERS 美眾議院外交事務委員會主席羅斯‧雷婷恩演講:「台灣為何重要」∣台灣e新聞

 

台灣e新聞