National Status is More Important Than Subjectivity
By Yang Liu Hsiu-Hwa
While participating in the symposium, “To explore the establishment of Taiwan subjectivity from contemporary issues”, organized by the Taiwan Association of University Professors on October 20, Professor Hsueh Hua-yuan(薛化元) indicated in his essay that “ Although some people do not want to be nationals of the People's Republic of China, they still can not face the reality that both sides of Taiwan Strait is currently “One Country on Each Side”. There are sources for this kind of contradictory plot. Only through Taiwan egocentric history, education and culture, we are likely to have "salvation" from the fundamentals. Under this situation, we can see the necessity of Taiwan subjectivity-oriented education curriculum reform.
After reading these, I feel that most of the Taiwanese are confused between "Subjectivity" and "National Status". Remembering, before I attended the first female senior high school entrance exam in Tainan in 1934, the Japanese teacher of Tainan Garden Elementary School, Mr. Nakayama, said to me: "You are Taiwanese, you have to study extra hard in order to pass the exam.” As a 13 years old girl, I did not understand the meanings of what the teacher said. Educational opportunities for Taiwanese and Japanese, during the Japanese colonial era, were not fair. Among 100 students they admitted that year, only three of them were Taiwanese. I was admitted with the second highest score. All of 100 students were divided into two classes. Every class had one class president, one vice president and one deputy vice president.
Although I, as a Taiwanese, had the second highest score, I was not appointed as any position of the six class officers. Although I was very sad, I didn’t give up on myself. I still maintain a sense of balance. But, I always had a big question mark in my hearts? Why was this? Later, I found the answer. My national status was different from my Japanese classmate. Most of my classmates were Japanese with Japanese nationality, but I was Taiwanese with Japanese nationality. I was a Taiwanese under Japanese colonial rule. To be specific, I was a person without my own country. Therefore, since then for over 70 years, I always long for a country of my own.
When the pacific war ended in 1945, I was 25 years old with Japanese nationality. My nationality was converted to Republic of China without my consent. In fact, according to Japanese government official document dated April 19, 1952, the effective date of native Taiwanese to lose Japanese nationality was April 28, 1952 in compliance with San Francisco Peace Treaty. However, according to national government instructions dated January 12, 1946, the date of native Taiwanese "restore" their nationality of the Republic of China was backdated to October 25, 1945. From this discrepancy, we can see clearly that national government did not follow the principles of international law to change our national identity.
In summary, "national status" is different from "subjectivity". To clarify the truth of our national identity is more important than to establish Taiwan's subjectivity. Although we had obtained the nationality of government-in-exile with subjectivity, but without normal national identity, we still unable to stand equally with other nations, such as join the United Nations, WHO, and the Olympics. We are always subjected to unfair treatment. The Republic of China government in exile did not have the power to rule the people of Taiwan, Why don’t we speak out? I hope everyone stand up and shout "Ma administration, you do not have the authority to rule us Taiwanese, we want to establish our own country, and be the master of our country.
(The author is chairman of International Cultural Fund)